The Huthis, who have carried out weeks of attacks on Israel-linked shipping in protest at the Israel-Hamas war, warned that US and British interests were “legitimate targets” after the first volley of strikes.
Britain, the United States and eight allies said strikes carried out on Friday had aimed to “de-escalate tensions”, but the Huthis vowed to continue their attacks.
“All American-British interests have become legitimate targets” following the strikes, the rebels’ Supreme Political Council said.
Hussein al-Ezzi, the rebels’ deputy foreign minister, said the United States and Britain would “have to prepare to pay a heavy price”.
The rebels have controlled much of Yemen since a civil war erupted in 2014 and are part of an Iran-backed “axis of resistance” against Israel and its allies.
Russian ambassador Vassili Nebenzia denounced the “blatant armed aggression” against the entire population of the country.
Red Sea attacks
The Huthis have intensified attacks on what they deem Israeli-linked shipping in the Red Sea — through which 12 percent of global maritime trade normally passes — since Hamas’s unprecedented attack on Israel triggered the Gaza war on October 7.
The United States and Britain launched strikes on Friday that targeted nearly 30 locations using more than 150 munitions, US General Douglas Sims said, updating earlier figures, and President Joe Biden said he did not believe there were civilian casualties.
Biden called the strikes a successful “defensive action” after the “unprecedented” Red Sea attacks and said he would act again if the Huthis continued their “outrageous behaviour”.
British Prime Minister Rishi Sunak said the Huthis’ breach of international law warranted the “strong signal”, with his government publishing its legal position justifying the strikes as lawful and “proportionate”.
But Nasser Kanani, spokesman for Iran‘s foreign ministry, said the Western strikes would fuel “insecurity and instability in the region” while “diverting” attention from Gaza.
The Huthis fired “at least one” anti-ship ballistic missile in retaliation on Friday that caused no damage, according to Sims.
The United States said it did not seek conflict with Iran, with National Security Council spokesman John Kirby telling MSNBC there was “no reason” for an escalation.
The kingdom is trying to extricate itself from a nine-year war with the Huthis, though fighting has largely been on hold since a truce in early 2022.
Hamas said it would hold Britain and the United States “responsible for the repercussions on regional security”.
Oil prices rose four percent on fears of an escalation before falling back.
Major shipping firms have rerouted cargo around the tip of Africa, hitting trade flows at a time when supply strains are putting upward pressure on inflation worldwide.
Since mid-November, the volume of shipping containers transiting through the Red Sea has dropped by 70 percent, according to maritime experts.
Denmark‘s Torm on Friday became the latest tanker firm to halt transit through the southern Red Sea.
Dryad Global, a maritime security risk group, advised its clients to suspend Red Sea operations for 72 hours, citing the threat of Huthi retaliation.
‘Death to America’
Hundreds of thousands of people, some carrying Kalashnikov assault rifles, gathered in Yemen’s capital Sanaa on Friday to protest, many waving Yemeni and Palestinian flags and holding portraits of Huthi leader Abdulmalik al-Huthi, an AFP journalist reported.
“Death to America, death to Israel,” they chanted.
In Tehran, hundreds rallied against the United States, Britain and Israel, burning the three countries’ flags outside the UK embassy while voicing support for Gazans and Yemenis, an AFP reporter saw.
In Gaza, Palestinians lauded Huthi support and condemned Britain and the United States.
“No one is standing with us but Yemen,” said Fouad al-Ghalaini, one of hundreds of thousands of Palestinians left homeless by Israel’s bombardment of Gaza City.